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IELTS Level 1 - Unit 8 Level 2 - Unit 6 Speaking Vocabulary

Topic-based vocabulary – The Weather

Here is some vocabulary for discussing the weather, together with part 1, 2 and 3 sample questions.

• to be below freezing: below zero degrees Celsius
• bitterly cold: very cold and unpleasant
• a blanket of snow: a complete covering of snow
• boiling hot: very hot (informal)
• changeable: weather that often changes
• a change in the weather: when weather conditions change
• clear blue skies: a sky without clouds
• to clear up: when clouds or rain disappear
• to come out (the sun): when the sun appears out of a cloudy sky
• a cold spell: a short period of cold weather
• to dress up warm: to wear warm clothes to protect yourself against wintry conditions
• a drop of rain: a little bit of rain
• a flash flood: a sudden and severe flood
• freezing cold: very cold (informal)
• to get caught in the rain: to be outside when it rains unexpectedly
• to get drenched: to get very wet
• heatstroke: a serious condition caused by being too long in hot weather
• a heatwave: a period of very hot weather
• heavy rain: intense rainfall
• long-range forecast: the weather forecast for several days or weeks ahead
• mild climate: a climate without extreme weather conditions
• mild winter: a winter that isn’t particularly cold
• not a cloud in the sky: see ‘clear blue skies’ above
• to pour down: to rain heavily
• to be rained off: to be cancelled or postponed due to poor weather
• sunny spells: short periods of sunny weather
• thick fog: a dense fog that makes visibility very poor
• torrential rain: see ‘heavy rain’ above
• tropical storm: a storm typical of ones that you find in tropical climates
• weather forecast: a TV/radio program or section in a newspaper/magazine which predicts weather conditions

Part 1:

What’s the weather like in your country?
Which months have the best weather in your country?
Does it bother you much when it rains?
Do you like rainy days?
What is your favorite season?
Has the weather in your country changed much in the past few years?

Part 2:

Describe a time when you experienced extreme weather conditions. You should say

• when this was
• where you were
• what the weather was like

and say how you felt about the experience.

Describe an experience you had with bad weather.

You should say:

• what sort of bad weather it was
• when it happened
• where you were when it happened

and explain how it affected you and what you did.

(Note that “extreme weather” is not the same as “bad weather”)

Part 3:

• Do you think the weather affects how people feel?
• Do you think the weather is changing due to global warming?
• In which ways are weather forecasts useful?
• Does air pollution affect the weather?
• Why do you think people call it “bad weather”?
• Do you think bad weather can ever be dangerous?

The Effects of Weather

• What effects does the weather have on people?
• What do people in your country do when the weather is bad?
• How do people deal with bad weather?
• Do you think there is anything that we can do to prevent bad weather?
• Is there anything we can do to prepare for bad weather?
• Does bad weather ever affect people’s ability to travel?
• Do you think people become depressed or bored during bad weather?
• Why do people live in places where the weather can sometimes be bad?
• Do you think people’s personalities are influenced by the type of weather (or climate) they usually experience?
• Do you think people who live in cold places have different personalities to people who live in warm or hot places?

The Weather and Climate

• Do you think there are any problems with the world’s climate now?
• How do you think these problems were caused?
• Do you think the world’s weather (or climate) is changing?
• What do you think is causing these changes?
• Do you think this is a problem?
• What do you think governments should do to address this problem?
• Would you like to live in a place where the the climate never changes?
• How do people change the way they live in different seasons?
• What different activities do people do in the different seasons?

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