Developing Ideas and Opinions for Part 3 Speaking and Task 2 Writing

One of the most effective ways for advanced students to develop more than one IELTS skill at the same time is to practice part 3 speaking questions in order to develop their own ideas and views to answer essay questions.

Similarly, one of the key problems facing many students in Task 2 Essay writing is a lack of ideas and opinions with which to answer the question. There are some simple steps, however, that students can take to overcome this problem: learning vocabulary for the most common IELTS exam topics, and developing your personal opinion on a wide range of questions.

Topic-based vocabulary 

Students who are familiar with the IELTS reading and writing tests will know that there are common topics (or subjects) which come up again and again. These include education, the environment, technology, health, globalisation, transport and government. These are also very common themes in part 3 of the speaking test. So, for each of these topics, you should do the following:

  1. Read as much as possible about these topics. Use online resources such as newspapers, articles and essays to become very familiar with the subject (i).
  2. Write down vocabulary lists. It will very hard to remember all the words, phrases and collocations you read about if you don’t write them down, so use keyword tables to write down the meaning, synonyms and some example phrases for the vocabulary you learn.

Develop your personal opinion

Finally, study with these topics. I try to do this in my lessons by developing topic-based lessons. For example, if we do some reading in class on the environment, I will follow up by asking my students to answer part 3 questions on the same subject. This will reinforce your ability to discuss the topic in detail and help you to decide your opinions.

Part 3 speaking questions are often very similar to essay questions, in that the examiner will ask you to discuss advantages and disadvantages, give your opinion, answer hypothetical questions or even talk about something that will happen in the future. If you ask yourself the question “What is my opinion?” or “Do I agree or disagree?” it is easier to come up with list of ideas, arguments, examples and reasons to support your views.

Remember that the IELTS exam is a language test, not a test of your general knowledge, and this also applies to the essays. If you would like more tips, advice and lessons, please join my Facebook study group “IELTSaigon”. Good luck!

Here is a recent presentation which explains how to do this in different ways.

Speaking & Writing Advanced - Ideas and Opinions

Download here

(i) The Economist, National Geographic, Time, New Scientist, History Today

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