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IELTS Speaking Task 2 Vocabulary Writing

Developing Ideas and Opinions – Crime

Crime is a fairly common topic in the IELTS exam, and may come up in task 2 writing or part 3 speaking. Developing an awareness of social issues and the links to other IELTS related topics, such as drug abuse, is definitely worth doing.

Police and Crime Prevention

• The job of the polices is to catch criminals
• They must also prevent crime and make communities safer
• There should be an increase in the number of police officers on the streets
• Police officers should be seen as part of the community
• They should be involved with education and prevention
• The police should be in close contact with schools
• They should focus on young people who have dropped out of school
• These teenagers may become involved with gangs

Punishments/Prisons

• Fines are used as punishment for minor crimes
• If the crime is more serious, prison is the most common punishment
• Some criminals pose a threat to society
• They are put in prison to ensure the safety of other citizens

Negatives of Prisons

• Criminals are put together
• They make friends with other offenders
• Many prisoners re-offend when they are released
• A criminal record makes finding a job more difficult

Rehabilitation

• Another aim of prisons is rehabilitation
• Prisoners receive education of vocational training
• Prisoners should learn personal skills and specific job skills
• Punishment could make prisoners’ behavior worse
• Rehabilitation aims to make them better citizens
• Rehabilitated prisoners are less likely to re-offend

Capital punishment

• Supporters say that capital punishment deters crime
• Fear of the death penalty stops people from committing offences
• The death penalty shows that crime is not tolerated
• It is a form of revenge
• The cost of imprisonment is avoided
• The offender cannot pose a threat to others

Against Capital Punishment

• Innocent people could be wrongly convicted and executed
• Crime rates are not necessarily reduced
• Many criminals do not think they will be caught
• Capital punishment is not a good deterrent
• Executing prisoners creates a violent culture and encourages revenge
• We have no right to take another human life

Community service

• Community service is a way to reform offenders
• It could be a solution to prison overcrowding
• It avoids the cost of imprisonment
• It makes offenders useful in their local communities
• They are required to clean streets or talk to school groups
• Offenders repay their community
• They avoid the negative influence that prison can have

Against community service

• Community service is not a sufficient punishment
• Criminals should be locked up, away from their victims

Crime in the Media

• Crime is one of the main subjects of most news programs.
• The mass media focus on violent and sensational crimes
• This lead to fear of crime among the public
• Sensational stories attract more viewers or readers
• The media report crime stories in order to increase their audience

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